a manual of roman antiquities

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Purchase of this book includes free trial access to www.million-books.com where you can read more than a million books for free. This is an OCR edition with typos. Excerpt from book: consumed by fire. This misfortune happened daring the civil wars of Marina and SuUa; but does not appear to have been connected with any Btruggle or tumult. It was restored with great magnificence by Sulla,2 who did not live to dedicate the new edifice; but this ceremony was' performed by Q. Lutatiua Catnlus, (consul B.C. 78,) and hence the building is called by Cicero Monu- mentum Catuli.s This second temple was destroyed in A.D. 69, by the partizans of Vitellius—restored by Vespasian—consumed by fire almost immediately after his death, and rebuilt with great splendour by Domitian.L Of the destruc- Son of this fourth edifice we have no distinct record. The cuts below represent the temple at three of these epochs; the first is from a denarius of the Gens Petillia, which bore the cognomen of Capitolinus, and must be intended to depict the capitol as restored by Sulla, the second is from a large brass of Vespasian, the third from a Greek silver medallion of Domitian; in the two latter the sitting figure of Jupiter between the standing figures of Juno and Minerva is distinctly visible. In front of the temple was an open space, the Area Capitolina, in which public meetings of different kinds were occasionally held, and in the immediate vicinity was the Curia Kalabra, where, in ancient times, the priests made proclamation, on the kalends of each month, of the period when the Nones and Ides would fall, and of other matters connected with the Kalcndar. The other buildings of note on the lower summit, were the temples—of Jupiter Feretriiis, founded by Romulus, in which Spolia Opima were deposited8—of Fides, originally built by Numa, renewed, B.C. 259, by M. Atilius Calatinus, and afterwards by M. Aemilius Scaurus —of Mens, and of Venus Erycina, both dedicated during the seco...
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