a historical examination of some non markan elements in luke

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Purchase of this book includes free trial access to www.million-books.com where you can read more than a million books for free. This is an OCR edition with typos. Excerpt from book: II. AN EXAMINATION OF THE NON-MARKAN MATERIAL CONTAINED IN LUKE, CHAPS. 3-8 The material which forms the basis of our discussion in this section is found in Luke, chaps. 3-8, and includes the following: 3:7-20; 4:1-30; 5: 1-1 1; 6:20-49, 7: z -- 8:3. It will be observed that this material does not present itself in a compact form, as was the case with the previous section. It is interpolated in the Markan scheme in places which seemed fitting to the evangelist. There are a few coincidences with Mark even in the material we have called non-Markan, e. g., Mark 1: 7-8, Luke 3:16; Mark 1:12-13, Luke 4:1-2; Mark 1:14-15, Luke 4:14-15. The first of these is a word of the Baptist regarding the "mightier than I," which might well have stood both in Mark and in the peculiar source, for the parallels are not accurate. The second is an introductory statement to the temptation and has sufficient variation at least to raise the question whether Luke is not here independent of Mark. The third coincidence is a mere transition from the scene of the temptation to Galilee. None of these figures at all seriously in the general problem. Regarding the rest of the material we note that Matthew has some of it almost verbatim, some with more or less divergence, while some is peculiarly Lukan. A study of this material gives the impression that two, if not three, interests lay back of its formulation and use by the early Christian community. There are two types of material, one being narrative, the other discourse. To one who follows these sections uninterrupted by the Markan basis the difference in type is striking. Any statement as to the bearing of these types and interests on unity or plurality of sources will be postponed until the material has been subjected to an examination. I. THE SER...
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