Purchase of this book includes free trial access to www.million-books.com where you can read more than a million books for free. This is an OCR edition with typos. Excerpt from book: CHAPTER III A BYPATH OF THE REVOLUTION The settlers on the New York frontier were many of them Scotch-Irish, nursing an inherited hostility to England. The greater part of the Iroquois Indians, more particularly the Mohawks, had a sentimental regard for the covenant which, for a century, had made the red men loyal to the British king. Here was a native antagonism between settlers and Indians which during the Revolution partly contributed to the warfare of torch and scalping knife that raged in the Susquehanna region. Brant, the Mohawk chief, although himself a full- blooded Indian, known among his own people as Thayendanegea, had become, through long association with Sir William Johnson and his friends, a king's man and churchman. With the doctrines of the Church of England which he had embraced on becoming a communicant, he adopted also the contempt for dissenters which was so common among churchmen. Once, on tasting a crabapple, it is said, Brant puckered up his mouth, and exclaimed, "It is as bitter as a Presbyterian!" While in other parts of the country many churchmen espoused the cause of American independence, it happened that in the Susquehanna region the patriots were generally Calvinists. Another contributory cause of trouble between the Indians and frontiersmen had to do with thelands around the Mohawk villages, concerning which there had been frequent disputes since the Fort Stanwix treaty. 1 In May, 1777, Brant established himself with a band of Indian warriors and some Tories at Una- Joseph Brant From the portrait by Romney dilla, driving out the settlers, and serving notice upon all that they must either leave the country or declare themselves for the English cause. At a conference held among officers of the American forces it was decided that G...
Book digitized by Google from the library of Harvard University and uploaded to the Internet Archive by user tpb. Frontispiece and plates facing p. 135, 219 and 282 signed by O.T. Jackman Advertisements on p. - at end
Book digitized by Google from the library of the University of California and uploaded to the Internet Archive by user tpb.
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