a manual of pedagogics

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Purchase of this book includes free trial access to www.million-books.com where you can read more than a million books for free. This is an OCR edition with typos. Excerpt from book: CHAPTER II. VARIETIES OF EDUCATION. Divisions of the Subject. — The complex process through which the child passes in reaching full development and maturity forms one harmonious, consistent, and beautiful whole. Nevertheless, for purposes of study it admits of separation into several convenient and natural divisions. The work of each division has certain characteristics of its own, and is carried on by means and agencies, in many respects, peculiar to itself. Hence we have what may be called varieties of education. It should, however, be distinctly understood that all these varieties are only parts of one great whole; and it should also be kept constantly in mind that this whole cannot be complete without the combination, in due proportion, of all these parts. If one variety is crowded partially or entirely out, and another variety is allowed to occupy more time and attention than it is rightfully entitled to, the development must be wanting in symmetry, and the education must be one-sided. It is necessary to give a little consideration to each of these varieties of education, in order to determine as clearly as possible the province and work of schools and teachers. I. Physical Education. Purposes. — Physical education has reference primarily to the proper development and training of the body. Somewhat less obviously and directly, it has to do withthe development and training of the mind, and with the giving and receiving of instruction. Modern studies in physiology and psychology reveal a most intimate connection between physical conditions and psychical activities and states. The idea of a necessary and perpetual antagonism between the body and the soul is no longer accepted by intelligent students of human nature. The combination of " a sound mind in a sound body "...
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