Benjamin of Tudela, from Spain, is a famous world traveler of the 12th century. He started his journey from northeast Spain around 1165. His travel began in the city of Zaragoza, further down the valley of the Ebro, whence he went north to France, and then set sail from the port of Marseilles. After visiting Genoa, Pisa, and Rome in present-day Italy; Greece; and Constantinople, he set off across Asia. He visited Syria, Lebanon, Land of Israel, and northern Mesopotamia before he came to Baghdad. From there he went to Persia, then cut back across the Arabian Peninsula to Egypt and North Africa, returning to the Iberian Peninsula in 1173. In general Benjamin visited over 300 cities, including many of importance in Jewish history, such as Susa, Sura, and Pumbedita in southern Persia. Besides, he collected information about many more areas which he heard about on his travels, including China and Tibet. He recorded details on cultures such as that of Al-Hashishin, the hemp smokers, introducing Western Europeans to people and places far beyond their experience.
Some modern historians consider him as the person who gave the most precise description of every-day life in the Middle Ages. Originally the book was written in Hebrew. Later it was translated into Latin and then became an extremely popular piece of Jewish literature in many languages. The modern reader might think of it as something alien and unusual. But the author actually intended to give his contemporaries an actual account of his journeys. What exactly did Benjamin plan to reach when he started out on his awesome travel? At first, probably nothing but a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, which despite the Crusades, retained a magic attraction for the pious Jew. A pilgrimage-an Aliyah-probably with the thought to stay there for the rest of his life. But the fact is that he did take the long road, sometimes making stops, meeting people, visiting places, describing professions and giving a demographic count of Jews in every town and country. This book is outstanding. Actually, this is travel diary of Benjamin. He brightly describes the different communities he visits throughout Spain and the Middle East. This is a work which gives insight into Jewish communal life in the Middle Ages.
This book describes the countries he visited, with an emphasis on the Jewish communities, including their total populations and the names of notable community leaders. Benjamin also described the customs and traditions of the local population, both Jewish and non-Jewish, with an emphasis on urban life. He gave detailed descriptions of sites and landmarks seen along the way, as well as important buildings and marketplaces. This book is important not only because it has detailed descriptions of the Jewish communities, but also as a trustworthy source about the geography and ethnography of the Middle Ages. "The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela" is really worth reading. Anyone who prefers primary historical sources will enjoy reading this book as it is full of true facts and exciting details of the past.
Dorothy and the Wizard are trying to stop the villainous Nome King, who intends to revenge himself upon Princess Ozma and her faithful friends. This is a magical children’s books by Lyman Frank Baum, American author, poet, playwright, actor, and independent filmmaker. It became the thirteenth book of Oz series, continued by 6 more sequels.
The Loss of the S.S. Titanic is the recollections of the disaster of Lawrence Beesley, a schoolteacher and second class passenger of the ill-fated liner, who managed to survive that nasty day in 1912. Told at first hand through the view of the eyewitness the story is emotional and full of factual details, so that the reader has opportunity to experience the tragedy himself.
It thrills more when you know that the story is real and happened to real people most of whom became the victims of the ocean…
This novel was written by Robert Hugh Benson in 1906 and the events in it occur in the year of 2000. The author is trying to imagine what will happen in the nearest future and prognoses the growth of Antichrist. The author who was a catholic priest was willing to spread Christian views and values to antagonists and to those who have alien views. The book is very useful for self-development and self-growth.
This novel narrates about tempting and damaging role of patriarchal authority in Scottish culture on the example of a horrible confrontation between old John Gourlay and weak but creative son who will at the end kill him. -- This is an out of print or unavailable edition.
This is a nice and funny book describing the life of Miss Mapp who governs a small English village called Tilling. There are not many inhabitants there and the lady who is very intelligent has the power to manipulate them, make them do some expected things. Every character in this village is very bright and easy-to-remember. Among them it is worth to mention the greatest rival of Miss Mapp's Diva and the local artist Irene who does not really like the main character often embarrassing her. We also meet Vicar who is bright for his way of talking as in his speech he mixes Shakespearian English and Burnsian dialect. The novel starts with the description of a bridge party that takes place at Poppit's house. Such parties are often organized in the village and they are the main place of social life. Miss Mapp uses bridge to see other people's weaknesses and to keep in mind the ways of her possible future manipulations. The author Edward Benson does a great job in showing the smallest details of everyday life in Tilling. For example, he describes the opposition of Miss Mapp and Diva who want to be better-dressed. There is also a respected and the most handsome man name Mr. Wyse for whose attention almost all women are struggling. And of course, it is not possible to imagine a small village without gossiping where Miss Mapp takes an active part. The book is wonderfully written with the help of simple and ironic language. It will keep you smiling and laughing when you dive into it.
By this work of greater literary maturity Balzak created a new type of novel – a novel of disillusionment, of inevitable destruction of ideals, when faced with rough reality. In the “Lost Illusions” the author describes the destruction of bourgeois ideals under the influence of the capitalism. In the heart of the novel lies the theme of turning literature into article of trade, beginning with producing of paper up to the views, thoughts and feelings of authors. The narration is far from dry scientific nature, appearing a story of a career of the main character.
Once upon a time there lived Lightfoot the Deer. He was handsome and cute and had a lot of friends at Home – in the Green forest. Everything was wonderful… but then autumn came and with it came the invaders – creatures on two legs with things that spat fire – hunters!.. Will Lightfoot the Deer be able to escape?.. How horrible!.. But don’t be afraid, his friends in the Green forest will help him. And when danger over blows, strange, foreign deer come to the forest. Why are they here? And what will Lightfoot the Deer do?..
A collection of short stories by James Baldwin, an American author and civil rights activist, is a series of legendary tales, each concerning a certain hero or famous person and describing episodes of their lives - Alexander the Great, Doctor Goldsmith, William Tell, George Washington, King Alfred and many others.
The book is generally of a great interest for children, as well as for any inquisitive reader, in addition to its being a perfect starting point for further literary studies.